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Economy (Canada-U.S. Relations)

Softwood Lumber

  • The softwood lumber industry is a vital component of the Canadian economy and it has been for decades.
  • Canada and the United States have spent over 25 years disputing over softwood lumber, which has made it one of the most enduring trade disputes between the two countries.
  • These disputes have been centered around the US lumber industry seeking restrictions on Canadian lumber im

US Commercial Services Canada

  • This is the US Department of Commerce's page on the US Commercial Service Canada, which gives resources for both Canadian and American companies looking to sell goods/services in the other country.
  • Since Canada and the US have the largest trading relationship in the world, the US Commercial Service Canada gives guidance on business' ability to succeed in Canada, information regarding market intelligence, stories of exporting success stories, and resources for comp

Canadians Doing Business in the US

  • This resource explores opportunities for Canadians to become more involved in the world of business in the United States.
  • This resource gives information on the Trade offices in the US, along with how the Trade Commissioner Service can support businesses, funding & support for businesses, details about the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA), market insights, sector reports, events taking place between Canadian and American businesses, and more.

Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA)

  • This is the page that outlines the new Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA), also known as the USMCA, which was signed in November 2018, and enforced on July 1, 2020.
  • This free trade agreement between the North American countries substituted the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in order to adapt to modern trade issues/barriers and to promote economic opportunities for Canadians, Americans, and Mexicans.

The Auto Pact

  • The Canada-US Automotive Products Agreement, otherwise known as the Auto Pact or APTA was signed in 1965 by Canadian Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson and US President Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • This agreement marked a new era between Canada and the US with regards to their trading relationship and essentially allowed the automotive industries of both countries to come together in the greater North American market.

Canada-Michigan Crossing Agreement

  • In June 2012, the Government of Canada and the State of Michigan signed the Canada-Michigan Crossing Agreement, which established the framework for the Gordie Howe International Bridge project (also known as the most ambitious bi-national infrastructure project along the Canada-US border).
  • This agreement helps lay the foundation for the construction of the bridge, Ports of Entry and the Michigan Interchange, and it provides provisions for the design, build, financ