Skip to main content

Enfranchisement and Colonization (Indigenous Peoples)

the Potlatch Ban

  • While the Indian Act contained several oppressive measures, one of the most well-known provisions was the banning of Potlatching in 1884 as a means of limiting cultural practices in order to further assimilate Indigenous peoples.
  • Potlatch ceremonies were historically a primary ec

History of Enfranchisement in Canada

  • This report, published by the Assembly of First Nations, addresses the history of enfranchisement in Canada.
  • This document outlines what enfranchisement is, ways Indigenous peoples could become enfranchised, how enfranchisement evolved, the discrimination against women and children, land and financial compensation for people who were enfranchised, and why enfranchisement is a key component to Indian registration.

Collaborative Process for Indian Registration, Band Membership, and First Nation Citizenship Consultation Plan

  • In lieu of the August 2015 Descheneaux case, which exposed the gender inequality of Indian registration in Canada, broader concerns were raised with regards to decades of unaddressed issues in obtaining Indian registration, band membership, and First Nations citizenship.
  • This policy discusses the federal government's commitment to developing a collaborative process (from October 31, 2017–March 31, 2018) on issues pertaining to Indian registration, band membership,

Collaborative Process for Indian Registration, Band Membership, and First Nation Citizenship

  • This is the 2019 report on the collaborative process on Indian registration, band membership and First Nation citizenship, which was created to ensure fairness and adequate entitlement for our Indigenous peoples who are well deserving of status.
  • This particular report discusses conversations made with Indigenous peoples, First Nations groups, and other partners, includes the report by Ministerial Special Representative Claudette Dumont-Smith, and discusses the nee

Inequities Related to Indian Registration & Membership

  • This policy fact sheet was prepared to identify the remaining inequalities in obtaining registration and membership order to properly engage members of the Collaborative Process in meaningful discussions.
  • This page speaks upon various registration issues including the second-generation cut-off, unknown/unstated parents, enfranchisement, deregistration, gender identity, and more.

Removal of the 1951 Cut-Off

  • This policy helps to explain the issues surrounding the removal of the 1951 cut-off, which, when removed, would allow descendants born before April 17, 1985, (or in a marriage before this date) of a woman who married a non-Indian man and lost their status or band membership, to have the opportunity to register.
  • This page identifies the importance of the 1951 cut-off and how it was projected to impact individuals under this provision.